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Publication Date

2012

Abstract

A massive shift from the Socialist Realism that predominated under Joseph Stalin, the bard culture that arose during Nikita Khrushchev's "Thaw" was fostered by the illegal underground transmission of tapes known as “magnitizdat”. Three well-known faces, with even better known voices, led this movement: Vladimir Vysotsky, Bulat Okudzhava, and Alexander Galich. In a way that was uniquely Soviet, the bard culture took root and transformed the everyday of the Soviet people.

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