By any standard, the employment position of black males has deteriorated dramatically over the last 25 years. The magnitude and duration of this decline have convinced policy makers and economists alike that serious concern is warranted. Between 1968 and 1988, for example, the employment position of black males, 16 to 19, fell nearly ten points, from just over 38 percent to 29 percent. This decline, which is similar to that in the 20 to 24 year old age group, is indicative of a crisis inside our nation's ghettos, where millions of black male youths are without work and not attending school.
Israel '91, Mark, "Toward a More Comprehensive Explanation of Declining Black Male Youth Employment" (1991). Honors Projects. Paper 42.