This study was conducted to explore the influence of competitiveness as a personality trait on psychological adjustment. Competitiveness was differentiated into two distinct facets referred to as superiority competitiveness and mastery competitiveness. In terms of psychological adjustment, the effects of these facets of competitiveness on depression, loneliness, self-esteem, anxiety, and eating patterns were examined. Questionnaires were used to assess the aforementioned dimensions. The results of the study revealed some noteworthy gender differences. Among females, superiority competitiveness was associated with higher levels of depression. Among males, superiority competitiveness was associated with less loneliness. A significant association was also observed between mastery competitiveness and decreased anxiety among females. These differentiated gender patterns seem to reflect differences in the way males and females are socialized to think and behave.
Kayhan '03, Elaine, "Two Facets of Competitiveness and Their Influence on Psychological Adjustment" (2003). Honors Projects. Paper 4.