Res Publica - Journal of Undergraduate Research


Industrialization made possible not only the unprecedented flow of goods and services, but also the mobilization of citizens to change government policy. The countries we know today as the Advanced Industrial Democracies all responded with a 'new reciprocity' toward their citizens, meaning that the national governments took on the additional responsibility of providing for the general welfare of their people. While capitalism and democracy remained the norm in all of these countries, their welfare programs expanded in terms of people served and benefits given. Thus, each of these countries developed into a "welfare state." What started out as an economic revolution ended up having a profound effect on social policy in the Advanced Industrials.