Here presented a generalization of Catalan numbers and Catalan triangles associated with two parameters based on the sequence characterization of Bell-type Riordan arrays. Among the generalized Catalan numbers, a class of large generalized Catalan numbers and a class of small generalized Catalan numbers are defined, which can be considered as an extension of large Schroder numbers and small Schroder numbers, respectively. Using the characterization sequences of Bell-type Riordan arrays, some properties and expressions including the Taylor expansions of generalized Catalan numbers are given. A few combinatorial interpretations of the generalized Catalan numbers are also provided. Finally, a generalized Motzkin numbers and Motzkin triangles are defined similarly. An interrelationship among parametrical Catalan triangle, Pascal triangle, and Motzkin triangle is presented based on the sequence characterization of Bell-type Riordan arrays.
Applied Mathematics | Mathematics
He, Tian-Xiao, "Parametric Catalan Numbers and Catalan Triangles" (2013). Scholarship. 63.