Previous researchers have found that after controlling for various determinants of economists’ earnings, there still remains an unexplained residual wage gap across genders in the economics profession. This study uses 1990 Census data to examine the return to marriage and fertility of male and female Ph.D. economists in an attempt to explain in part the residual gender wage gap in the profession. Marital status is found to have no impact on male or female economists’ earnings. Fertility does not affect male economists' earnings, but is negatively correlated with female economists' earnings. I conclude that the different returns to fertility across genders may account for part of the residual gender wage gap in the economics profession that is unexplained by previous studies.
"The Gender Wage Gap in the Economics Profession A Search in the Return to Marriage and Fertility of Ph.D. Economists,"
University Avenue Undergraduate Journal of Economics: Vol. 4:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.iwu.edu/uauje/vol4/iss1/6