Content Validity: A Measure of Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviors, and Experiences of Muslims from the Nurse Perspective

Graduation Year


Publication Date

Spring 2020


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Problem: Muslim nurses constitute a growing, diverse, and underrepresented population in the U.S. Simultaneously, there is an increase in discrimination against these healthcare providers due to anti-Muslim biases. The reasons for biases are many and varied. The reason for these biases are not clear, as many variables contribute to the ways in which people treat each other. Therefore, a need exists for the development of an instrument to determine nurses’ knowledge and attitudes and how they behave in regards to Muslim populations. The aim of this study is to establish reliability and validity of a newly developed instrument designed to measure nurses’ knowledge, attitude, behaviors, and experiences of working with Muslim healthcare providers, including nurses who wear hijab. This project analyzed data collected from content experts to establish content validity and initial reliability of the instrument. Statistical evidence and theoretical relevance of the measure will be used to develop interventions nurses can use to improve the creation of culturally competent healthcare work environments.



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